Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses in the News

#hem4

Some of the worst there Are!

flavivirus12 fila222

Nature Communications                            CDC

Table of Contents 

  • Crimean-Congo Fever  
  • Ebola  
  • Hantavirus
  • Kyasanur Forest Disease  
  • Lassa Fever 
  • Marburg
  • Mengla Virus
  • Nipah Fever  
  • Rift Valley Fever  
  • Unknown, strange, other Hemmorrhagic Fevers or Information

 

CRIMEAN-CONGO FEVER

Congo fever case reported in Shinas – Oman – Muscat Daily – posted 2/19/19

https://m.muscatdaily.com/Archive/Oman/Congo-fever-case-reported-in-Shinas-5d3b

Kimberley man with Congo fever in isolation unit | IOL News – posted 3/31/19

https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/northern-cape/kimberley-man-with-congo-fever-in-isolation-unit-20130770

Deadly Congo fever takes life of youngster | Business Recorder – posted 4/3/19

https://www.brecorder.com/2019/04/01/484892/deadly-congo-fever-takes-life-of-youngster/

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in Kimberley, Province of Northern Cape, South Africa on April 04 2019 03:45 AM – CCHF – posted 4/10/19

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20190404-67320-ZAF

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in Jinja, Eastern Region, Uganda on April 15 2019 01:33 PM – CCHF – posted 4/15/19

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20190415-67483-UGA

Congo fever case found in Oshikoto region – The Namibian – posted 5/9/19

https://www.namibian.com.na/78289/read/Congo-fever-case-found-in-Oshikoto-region

Four more Congo Fever cases reported – Informanté – posted 5/14/19

https://informante.web.na/four-more-congo-fever-cases-reported/

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) outbreak declared in Namibia – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/21/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-cchf-outbreak-declared-namibia-11626/

South Africa reports 3rd Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever case of 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/26/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/south-africa-reports-3rd-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-case-2019/

 

EBOLA

Ahead of Print -Reemergence of Reston ebolavirus in Cynomolgus Monkeys, the Philippines, 2015 – Volume 24, Number 7—July 2018 – Emerging Infectious Disease journal – CDC

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/7/17-1234_article

Health Officials Chase Clues To Learn Why Ebola Is Spreading In Two Congo Towns : Goats and Soda : NPR – posted 3/6/19

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2019/02/25/697073103/why-does-ebola-keep-spreading-in-congo-heres-a-major-clue?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=3db42251cf-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_02_25_01_32&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-3db42251cf-860291

Ebola response in Democratic Republic of the Congo risks slowdown – 3/6/19

https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/26-02-2019-ebola-response-in-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-risks-slowdown

DRC: MSF shuts down Ebola treatment center following violent attack | Doctors Without Borders – USA – posted 3/6/19

https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/what-we-do/news-stories/story/drc-msf-shuts-down-ebola-treatment-center-following-violent-attack

Unknown forces attack Butembo Ebola treatment center | CIDRAP – posted 3/6/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/02/unknown-forces-attack-butembo-ebola-treatment-center

Congo Ebola centre set on fire after armed attack – The East African – posted 3/6/19

https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/scienceandhealth/Congo-Ebola-centre-set-on-fire-after-armed-attack/3073694-5003100-632ir/index.html

Ebola total tops 900 in DRC, with 7 new cases today | CIDRAP – posted 3/8/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/03/ebola-total-tops-900-drc-7-new-cases-today

Battle against Ebola being lost amid militarised response – The East African – posted 3/8/19

https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/scienceandhealth/Battle-against-Ebola-being-lost-amid-militarised-response-msf/3073694-5014330-jxesbu/index.html

An Epidemic of Suspicion — Ebola and Violence in the DRC | NEJM – posted 3/8/19

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1902682?query=TOC

Congo’s Mai Mai militia attacks Ebola treatment center | Reuters – posted 3/11/19

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-ebola-congo-idUSKBN1QQ09G?utm_campaign=trueAnthem%3A+Trending+Content&utm_content=5c83ba2f3ed3f00001b2a194&utm_medium=trueAnthem&utm_source=facebook

Ebola response failing to gain the upper hand on the epidemic | Democratic Republic of Congo | Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International – posted 3/11/19

https://www.msf.org/ebola-response-failing-gain-upper-hand-epidemic-democratic-republic-congo

Rwanda Readies Its Systems for Potential Ebola Outbreak | Prevent Epidemics – posted 3/20/19

https://preventepidemics.org/stories/rwanda-readies-its-systems-for-potential-ebola-outbreak/

DRC: 24 Ebola cases confirmed in past 72 hours | CIDRAP – posted 3/20/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/03/drc-24-ebola-cases-confirmed-past-72-hours

Spike in Ebola cases continues in DRC | CIDRAP – posted 3/22/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/03/spike-ebola-cases-continues-drc

Ebola: 2nd largest outbreak tops 1000 cases – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/25/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/ebola-2nd-largest-outbreak-tops-1000-cases-28233/

Ebola sickens 6 more in DR Congo | CIDRAP – posted 3/27/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/03/ebola-sickens-6-more-dr-congo

DRC Ebola total grows by 15; new antiviral clears hurdle | CIDRAP – posted 3/31/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/03/drc-ebola-total-grows-15-new-antiviral-clears-hurdle

Ebola disbelief widespread in DR Congo hotspots – BBC News – posted 3/31/19

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47732013?ocid=socialflow_facebook&ns_mchannel=social&ns_campaign=bbcnews&ns_source=facebook

DRC reports 29 Ebola cases in two days – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/31/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/drc-reports-29-ebola-cases-two-days-99396/

Congo Ebola outbreak spreading faster than ever: WHO | Reuters – posted 4/3/19

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-ebola-congo-idUSKCN1RD2TV?utm_campaign=trueAnthem%3A+Trending+Content&utm_content=5ca28fc49ebbef00011e4765&utm_medium=trueAnthem&utm_source=facebook

An Epidemic of Suspicion — Ebola and Violence in the DRC | NEJM – posted 4/3/19

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1902682?query=infectious-disease

Health worker among 7 new DRC Ebola patients | CIDRAP – posted 4/5/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/health-worker-among-7-new-drc-ebola-patients

Ebola cases grow by 37 in 3 days as DRC has record day | CIDRAP – posted 4/10/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/ebola-cases-grow-37-3-days-drc-has-record-day

DRC sees record-setting day, with 18 Ebola cases | CIDRAP – posted 4/11/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/drc-sees-record-setting-day-18-ebola-cases

Ebola cases climb by 44 as vaccine trial affirms high efficacy | CIDRAP – posted 4/16/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/ebola-cases-climb-44-vaccine-trial-affirms-high-efficacy

WHO Ebola responder killed in hospital attack | CIDRAP – posted 4/20/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/who-ebola-responder-killed-hospital-attack

DRC notes 23 new Ebola cases as another hospital attacked | CIDRAP – posted 4/22/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/drc-notes-23-new-ebola-cases-another-hospital-attacked

Ebola outbreak: 43 additional deaths among confirmed cases over the weekend – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/29/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/ebola-outbreak-43-additional-deaths-among-confirmed-cases-weekend-11377/

DRC warns of new Ebola wave after latest violence | CIDRAP – posted 5/6/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/05/drc-warns-new-ebola-wave-after-latest-violence

WHO | Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo – posted 5/9/19

https://www.who.int/csr/don/09-may-2019-ebola-drc/en/

DRC Ebola cases top 1,800 amid burial team attacks | CIDRAP – posted 5/20/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/05/drc-ebola-cases-top-1800-amid-burial-team-attacks

Ebola responders on edge as virus sickens 19 more | CIDRAP – posted 5/22/19

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/05/ebola-responders-edge-virus-sickens-19-more

Aid group: Most new Ebola cases were not known contacts – ABC News – posted 5/28/19

https://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/aid-group-80-ebola-cases-contacts-63321885

Ebola cases in DR Congo break 2,000 mark – The East African – posted 6/4/19

https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/scienceandhealth/Ebola-cases-in-DR-Congo-break-2000-mark/3073694-5144586-lnba8lz/index.html

Uganda confirms first Ebola case outside outbreak in DRC – posted 6/11/19

https://www.statnews.com/2019/06/11/uganda-confirms-first-ebola-case-outside-outbreak-in-democratic-republic-of-congo/?utm_source=STAT+Newsletters&utm_campaign=a19a8159e0-Daily_Recap&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8cab1d7961-a19a8159e0-150033933

 

 

HANTAVIRUS

Hantavirus cases reported in Paraguay – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/8/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/hantavirus-cases-reported-paraguay-98635/

Hantavirus – Argentina – posted 3/8/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190307.6353439

Hantavirus  – Bolivia – ProMED-mail post – posted 4/10/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190405.6406393

Hantavirus – Argentina – ProMED-mail post – posted 4/10/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190409.6411762

Hantavirus – Bolivia – ProMED-mail post – posted 4/23/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190423.6436253

Hantavirus – ProMED-mail post – posted 5/2/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190502.6452977

Grant County resident recovering from first reported case of Hantavirus in Washington this year | News | khq.com – posted 5/13/19

https://www.khq.com/news/grant-county-resident-recovering-from-first-reported-case-of-hantavirus/article_549545b4-75b6-11e9-9619-dfa29a473343.html

Hantavirus – Argentina – ProMED-mail post – posted 5/14/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190514.6467725

Dangerous hantavirus on the up: Stuttgart is the “epicentre” – posted 5/23/19

https://www.iamexpat.de/expat-info/german-expat-news/dangerous-hantavirus-stuttgart-epicentre

New Mexico reports 1st hantavirus case since 2017 – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/30/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/new-mexico-reports-1st-hantavirus-case-since-2017/

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in [Garfield County], State of Colorado, USA on June 12 2019 05:29 AM – posted 6/12/19

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20190612-68294-USA

 

KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE (KFD)

Eight KFD deaths so far, HC told – The Hindu – posted 3/8/19

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/eight-kfd-deaths-so-far-hc-told/article26379916.ece

Fresh outbreak of KFD in Sagar; death toll in Shivamogga district now 12 – The Hindu – posted 3/8/19

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/fresh-outbreak-of-kfd-in-sagar-death-toll-in-shivamogga-district-now-12/article26425507.ece

Man dies of KFD in Manipal | Deccan Herald – posted 3/15/19

https://www.deccanherald.com/state/man-dies-kfd-721547.html

Monkey fever claims one | Kozhikode News – Times of India – posted 3/26/19

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kozhikode/monkey-fever-claims-one/articleshow/68553036.cms

monkey fever kills 1: Kozhikode: Kyasanur Forest Disease claims one life in Wayanad | Kozhikode News – Times of India – posted 5/1/19

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kozhikode/kozhikode-kyasanur-forest-disease-claims-one-life-in-wayanad/articleshow/69100841.cms

Monkey fever shows no sign of subsiding in Malnad – The Hindu – posted 5/9/19

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/kfd-shows-no-sign-of-subsiding/article27041411.ece

 

LASSA FEVER

WHO | Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Beware-Lassa-Fever-1200x661

http://www.who.int/csr/don/20-april-2018-lassa-fever-nigeria/en/

 Lassa Fever Kills 15, Infects 102 In Ondo – posted 3/8/19

https://www.concisenews.global/2019/02/28/lassa-fever-kills-15-infects-102-in-ondo/

What next in the fight against Lassa fever? | Devex – posted 3/20/19

https://www.devex.com/news/what-next-in-the-fight-against-lassa-fever-94391

Nigeria reports 23 new Lassa cases in past week – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/25/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/nigeria-reports-23-new-lassa-cases-past-week-72878/

Nigeria Lassa update: 16 confirmed cases, two deaths – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/10/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/nigeria-lassa-update-16-confirmed-cases-two-deaths-23571/

Lassa Fever – ProMED-mail post – posted 4/10/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190407.6408268

NCDC Situation Report – Lassa Fever – Weekly Report – 7 April posted 4/16/19

https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A708888bc-a28d-4a95-ac5e-97e7907a8c4d

Lassa Fever – ProMED-mail post – 4/29/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190429.6447612

Lassa Fever – Nigeria – ProMED-mail post – posted 5/3/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190503.6453789

Lassa Fever – ProMED-mail post – posted 6/8/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190608.6509889

 

MARBURG VIRUS

Marburg virus: Study of bat natural immunity may shed light on human disease – Outbreak News Today

169040_web-768x512

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/marburg-virus-study-bat-natural-immunity-may-shed-light-human-disease-36457/

Deadly Marburg Virus Found in West Africa for First Time – posted 2/13/19

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/deadly-marburg-virus-found-in-west-africa-for-first-time

Bioterror fears over Marburg virus, Ebola’s deadlier ‘cousin’, as US begins $10m vaccine project – posted 3/20/19

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/03/19/bioterror-fears-marburg-ebolas-deadlier-cousin-us-begins-10m/?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=d3a2959d47-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_03_19_12_26&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-d3a2959d47-860291

 

MENGLA VIRUS

Characterization of a filovirus (Měnglà virus) from Rousettus bats in China | Nature Microbiology – posted 2/13/19

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41564-018-0328-y

NIPAH FEVER

Death of 5 in Thakurgaon linked to Nipah virus | Dhaka Tribune – posted 3/8/19

https://www.dhakatribune.com/health/2019/03/03/death-of-5-in-thakurgaon-linked-to-nipah-virus

Death of 5 in Thakurgaon: Nipah virus found in victim’s body | The Daily Star – posted 3/11/19

https://www.thedailystar.net/city/news/death-5-thakurgaon-nipah-virus-found-victims-body-1710307

3 of a family ‘infected with Nipah virus’ – posted 3/20/19

https://en.prothomalo.com/bangladesh/news/192569/3-of-a-family-infected-with-Nipah-virus

Older age, respiratory symptoms indicate Nipah virus infectivity – posted 5/8/19

https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/zoonotic-infections/news/online/%7B066f7a7f-7cc4-432a-9159-8e8dac013578%7D/older-age-respiratory-symptoms-indicate-nipah-virus-infectivity

Transmission of Nipah Virus — 14 Years of Investigations in Bangladesh | NEJM – posted 5/9/19

https://www.nejm.org/action/showFullText?downloadfile=showFullText&query=TOC&doi=10.1056/NEJMoa1805376&loaded=true

Nipah virus confirmed in Kerala, India – Outbreak News Today – posted 6/4/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/nipah-virus-confirmed-kerala-india-33697/

RSOE EDIS – Situation update No. 3. Epidemic Hazard event in India on June 06 2019 05:05 AM – Nipah – posted 6/6/19

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/index.php?pageid=event_update&edis_id=EH-20190604-68170-IND

 

RIFT VALLEY FEVER

Rift Valley Fever | CDC – Fact Sheet

rvf-distribution-map

https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/rvf/index.html

WHO | Rift Valley fever – Kenya

http://www.who.int/csr/don/18-june-2018-rift-valley-fever-kenya/en/

Rift Valley Fever Reemergence after 7 Years of Quiescence, South Africa, May 2018 – Volume 25, Number 2—February 2019 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 2/13/19

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/18-1289_article

Rift Valley fever in Mayotte update – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/8/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/rift-valley-fever-mayotte-update-83290/

Rift Valley fever in Mayotte: 82 human cases – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/11/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/rift-valley-fever-mayotte-82-human-cases-67169/

Rift Valley fever update: 101 human cases in Mayotte – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/20/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/rift-valley-fever-update-101-human-cases-mayotte-55618/

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte – posted 4/2/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190331.6395707

Rift Valley Fever update: 114 human cases in Mayotte – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/2/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/rift-valley-fever-update-114-human-cases-mayotte-16230/

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte – ProMED-mail post – posted 4/21/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190420.6433086

Rift Valley fever: Four more human cases in Mayotte – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/30/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/rift-valley-fever-four-human-cases-mayotte-13778/

Rift Valley Fever (RVF) continues in Mayotte – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/11/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/rift-valley-fever-rvf-continues-mayotte-76857/

WHO | Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte (France) – posted 5/13/19

https://www.who.int/csr/don/13-may-2019-rift-valley-fever-mayotte-france/en/

Rift Valley Fever – Chad – ProMED-mail post –posted 5/25/19

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20190524.6485820

Mayotte Rift Valley fever outbreak update – Outbreak News Today – posted 6/4/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/mayotte-rift-valley-fever-outbreak-update-68145/

 

UNKNOW, STRANGE, OTHER HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS OR INFORMATION

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in [The area was not defined], Province of Diwaniyah, Iraq on June 28 2018 03:20 AM – Unknown Hemorrhagic Fever

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20180628-63668-IRQ

Rights group puts Iraq on alert after 3 dead due to viral hemorrhagic fever (unknown)

http://www.rudaw.net/mobile/english/middleeast/iraq/26062018

Deaths of two elephants at Lok Kawi wildlife park unfortunate | New Straits Times | Malaysia General Business Sports and Lifestyle News

Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesville Disease – Acute Hemorrhagic Disease
https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2018/06/385794/deaths-two-elephants-lok-kawi-wildlife-park-unfortunate

Bats harbor a gene swiped from an ancient Ebola-like virus. Here’s how they may be using it – University at Buffalo

http://www.buffalo.edu/news/releases/2018/07/019.html

strange disease case reported in Kibaale district – 93.3 KFM – posted 8/22/18

http://kfm.co.ug/news/strange-disease-case-reported-in-kibaale-district.html

‘Mysterious disease’ outbreak creates panic in north Kashmir’s Sopore – posted 8/22/18

http://brighterkashmir.com/mysterious-disease-outbreak-creates-panic-in-north-kashmirs-sopore/

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in A?n Bessem, Province of Bou?ra, Algeria on August 18 2018 03:47 AM – posted 8/22/18

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20180818-64303-DZA

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease. – posted 9/12/18

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/20c853f7-eb0c-42c2-b15d-b30a4de4d702

Nipah and Hendra viruses: How a viral protein promotes fatal disease – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/12/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/nipah-hendra-viruses-viral-protein-promotes-fatal-disease-26206/

Virus affecting deer in Yavapai Hills area near Prescott | The Daily Courier | Prescott, AZ – posted 9/19/16

deer_t715.jpg

Some deer in the Prescott area are suffering from epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), according to the Arizona Game and Fish Department. While it does not affect humans, deer can appear to be lethargic, blind, walking in circles and unaware of their surroundings. (Tim Wiederaenders/Courier)
https://www.dcourier.com/news/2018/sep/15/virus-affecting-deer-yavapai-hills-area-near-presc/

High percentage of exposed HCWs infected in Ebola, Marburg outbreaks – posted 9/22/18

https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/nosocomial-infections/news/in-the-journals/%7B4bd744ac-99ce-4774-8035-83d8a7661e64%7D/high-percentage-of-exposed-hcws-infected-in-ebola-marburg-outbreaks

Deadly rabbit virus suspected in Lincolnshire – here’s what you can do to protect your pet – Lincolnshire Live – posted 9/24/18

https://www.lincolnshirelive.co.uk/news/local-news/deadly-killing-rabbit-virus-suspected-2030791?utm

USAMRIID study finds hemorrhagic fever disease persists in monkeys | Treatment And Diseases | fredericknewspost.com – posted 10/10/18

https://www.fredericknewspost.com/news/health/treatment_and_diseases/usamriid-study-finds-hemorrhagic-fever-disease-persists-in-monkeys/article_f446c359-4903-5a80-a9ca-9d4734bf630a.html

New Bombali ebolavirus found in Kenyan bat | EurekAlert! Science News – posted 4/5/19

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/uoh-nbe040219.php

Ahead of Print – Bombali Ebola Virus in <em>Mops condylurus</em> Bat, Kenya – Volume 25, Number 5—May 2019 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 4/5/19

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1666_article

Highly contagious virus kills four feral rabbits in Parksville | CTV News – posted 4/11/19

https://vancouverisland.ctvnews.ca/bunny-killing-virus-claims-four-feral-rabbits-in-parksville-1.4373785#_gus&_gucid=&_gup=twitter&_gsc=wAijQ8W