Emerging (and possibly emerging) Disease Threats

emerging2

Ever since reading “Battle Cry” by Leon Uris in 1968 or 69,  I’ve been interested in Diseases that are relatively unknown to most people. Dengue Fever is talked about in “Battle Cry” and has been somewhat limited in its scope. Now with modern transportation it is everywhere – just like mmany of diseases listed.

BattleCry

First edition
(publ. (G.P. Putnam’s Sons)

flavivirus12

Nature Communications

Table of Contents

  • Acute Flaccid Myelitis
  • Bourban Virus
  • Chagas Disease  
  • Chikungunya Virus  
  • Dengue Fever  
  • Lyme’s Disease  
  • Mayaro Virus
  • Powassan Virus 
  • West Nile Virus  
  • Zika Virus
  • Other Threats

 

ACUTE FLACCID MYELITIS

Cases of polio-like acute flaccid myelitis hit 201 in 2018, CDC says – posted 2/11/19

https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/cases-polio-acute-flaccid-myelitis-hit-201-2018-cdc-says-n961366

 

BOURBON VIRUS

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in [St. Louis County], State of Missouri, USA on June 11 2018 03:13 AM – Bourbon Virus

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20180611-63450-USA

Bourbon Virus Now Listed as Emerging Illness — New Case in St. Louis County | County | emissourian.com

http://www.emissourian.com/local_news/county/bourbon-virus-now-listed-as-emerging-illness-new-case-in/article_5d67a0e6-bf55-5cfb-9e6c-9b73896fafad.html

Case of Bourbon virus, rare tick disease, is confirmed in Missouri

bourbon+tick+virus+NATPKG

http://www.ky3.com/content/news/Case-of-Bourbon-Virus-a-rare-tick-disease-confirmed-in-Missouri-431761823.html

Heartland and Bourbon Viruses – Fact Sheet

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/06d3ce4f-5e55-45f7-9ce8-7aa839bd9f10

Bourbon Virus Now Listed as Emerging Illness — New Case in St. Louis County | County | emissourian.com

http://www.emissourian.com/local_news/county/bourbon-virus-now-listed-as-emerging-illness-new-case-in/article_5d67a0e6-bf55-5cfb-9e6c-9b73896fafad.html

 

Chagas Disease

Chagas outbreak kills five, sickens dozens in Táchira, Venezuela – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chagas-outbreak-kills-five-sickens-dozens-tachira-venezuela-44325/

Chagas Disease Surveillance Activities — Seven States, 2017 | MMWR

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6726a2.htm?s_cid=mm6726a2_e

Chagas Surveillance Rare Among US States, CDC Report Finds

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/chagas-surveillance-rare-among-us-states-cdc-report-finds

Chagas Cardiomyopathy – posted 8/20/18

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/4dbde46a-97de-44bb-9a1e-b2cf06276203

A dangerous illness spread by bugs that bite people’s faces is spreading – Houston Chronicle – posted 8/24/18

920x920

https://www.chron.com/technology/businessinsider/article/A-dangerous-parasitic-illness-spread-by-bugs-that-13175865.php

California mom bitten by ‘kissing bug’ warns others about danger of ‘silent killer’ parasitic disease | Fox News – posted 8/29/18

http://www.foxnews.com/health/2018/08/28/california-mom-bitten-by-kissing-bug-warns-others-about-danger-silent-killer-parasitic-disease.html

Acute Chagas disease in the state of Pará, Amazon Region: is it increasing? – posted 2/11/19

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5951676/

 

Chikungunya Virus

Why chikungunya, other arthritis-causing viruses target joints – Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

CDC-chik-17550_forweb

CDC/Cynthia Goldsmith
https://medicine.wustl.edu/news/why-chikungunya-other-arthritis-causing-viruses-target-the-joints/?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=3f0f3d456b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_05_21&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-3f0f3d456b-860291

Chikungunya in the US, all cases imported – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-us-cases-imported-20496/

Dallas County Reports First Case Of Imported Chikungunya Virus « CBS Dallas / Fort Worth – posted 9/2/18

https://dfw.cbslocal.com/2018/08/29/dallas-county-reports-first-case-of-imported-chikungunya-virus/

Chikungunya outbreak in Kasala State, Sudan – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/19/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-outbreak-kasala-state-sudan-88975/

Chikungunya Outbreak in Sudan – posted 10/3/18

“Sudan reports outbreak of mosquito-borne Chikungunya disease in eastern state” – http://www.reuters.com/article/us-sudan-health-chikungunya/sudan-reports-outbreak-of-mosquito-borne-chikungunya-disease-in-eastern-state-idUSKCN1M52MB

Chikungunya epidemic in eastern Sudan: ‘25 deaths in three days’ | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-epidemic-in-eastern-sudan-25-deaths-in-three-days

Chikungunya patients moved ‘to influence numbers’ in Kassala hospitals | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-patients-moved-to-influence-numbers-in-kassala-hospitals

People are dying’: Thousands struck down in Sudan by mosquito-borne fever | Middle East Eye – posted 10/3/18

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/people-are-scared-11000-struck-down-sudan-chikungunya-outbreak-813012012?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=8cccfc14a8-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_09_27_02_23&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-8cccfc14a8-860291

Chikungunya numbers spike in Sudan’s Kassala | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-numbers-spike-in-sudan-s-kassala

Chikungunya ‘spreading in Sudan’; Kassala reopens schools | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-spreading-in-sudan-kassala-reopens-schools

45 dead from chikungunya in Kassala | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/4/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/45-dead-from-chikungunya-in-kassala

WHO Weekly Epidemological Monitor – Crisis – Chikungunya In Sudan –  posted 10/10/18

https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A4050f1df-7769-4881-b959-15ba13a666b8

WHO | Chikungunya – Sudan – posted 10/17/18

http://www.who.int/csr/don/15-october-2018-chikungunya-sudan/en/

Four more die of chikungunya in Kassala, eastern Sudan | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/17/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/four-more-die-of-chikungunya-in-kassala-eastern-sudan

Thailand chikungunya cases top 1,000 in January – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/15/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-chikungunya-outbreak-another-400-cases-past-week-25340/

Chikungunya fever on the rise in eastern Sudan | Radio Dabanga – posted 2/15/19

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-fever-on-the-rise-in-eastern-sudan

 

Dengue Fever

Epidemiology | Dengue | CDC

global-dengue-map

https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html

Thailand dengue cases top 50,000 – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/2/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-cases-top-50000/

Thailand dengue: Warning issued for Bangkok – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/19/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-warning-issued-bangkok-36111/

Doctor at Philippine Children’s Medical Center dies of severe dengue – posted 9/22/18

https://www.rappler.com/nation/212476-philippine-childrens-medical-center-fellow-sherie-pera-villacorta-died-severe-dengue

Docs doing research as deadly new dengue strain of disease hits city – posted 10/2/18

https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/pune/civic/docs-doing-research-as-deadly-new-strain-of-disease-hits-city/articleshow/65971851.cms

Thailand dengue death count now 80, chikungunya warning issued – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/3/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-death-count-now-80-chikungunya-warning-issued-38291/

Mexico: Dengue cases rise in Chiapas – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/3/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/mexico-dengue-cases-rise-chiapas-42201/
Dengue fever: Bangladesh reporting record year – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/17/18
http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-bangladesh-reporting-record-year-14601/

Jamaica dengue: Six confirmed deaths to date – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/13/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/jamaica-dengue-six-confirmed-deaths-to-date-56502/

Jamaica’s Dengue Virus Outbreak Accelerates In 2019 — Precision Vaccinations – posted 2/15/19

https://www.precisionvaccinations.com/jamaican-ministry-health-declared-dengue-outbreak-january-3-2019?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=b3ca982bc8-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_02_04_01_29&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-b3ca982bc8-860291

Dengue fever: Hong Kong reports record number in 2018 – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/15/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-hong-kong-reports-record-number-2018/

Dengue cases up in Reunion – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/19/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-cases-reunion-23527/

Colombia: ‘Dengue epidemic this year could reach 120,000 cases’ – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/19/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/colombia-dengue-epidemic-this-year-could-reach-120000-cases-63842/

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in [Nation-wide], Honduras on February 16 2019 04:32 AM – Dengue Fever – posted 2/19/19

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20190216-66641-HND

 

Lymes’s Disease

Lyme Disease: An Even Bigger Threat Than You Think – WSJ

https://www.wsj.com/articles/lyme-disease-an-even-bigger-threat-than-you-think-1529672401

Tick-borne illnesses on the rise in Preston County and W.Va. – Dominion Post

https://www.dominionpost.com/2018/07/28/tick-borne-illnesses-on-the-rise-in-preston-county-and-w-va/

Lyme disease in England and Wales – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/lyme-disease-england-wales-32303/

Vermont reports 1st death due to Lyme carditis – Outbreak News Today – posted 6/16/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/vermont-reports-1st-death-due-lyme-carditis-26398/

 

Mayaro Virus

Mayaro virus: Penn State researchers suggest spread into other areas of the world – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/13/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/mayaro-virus-penn-state-researchers-suggest-spread-areas-world-96112/

 

Powassan Virus

Tick-borne Powassan virus confirmed in Columbia County | WNYT.com

http://wnyt.com/health/powassan-virus-columbia-county-tick-borne-illness/4946787/

New York: Powassan virus confirmed in Dutchess County – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/new-york-powassan-virus-confirmed-dutchess-county-10576/

Powassan Virus and other arthropod-borne viruses in wildlife and ticks in Ontario, Canada – CPHAZ – posted 10/2/18

final_2smith.png

http://cphaz.ca/powassan-virus-and-other-arthropod-borne-viruses-in-wildlife-and-ticks-in-ontario-canada/

Powassan virus reported for the first time in Cayuga County – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/10/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/powassan-virus-reported-first-time-cayuga-county-69737/

West Nile Virus

Iowa reports 1st human West Nile virus death – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/12/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/iowa-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-death-21432/

Dallas reports 1st human West Nile virus death – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/16/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dallas-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-death-98315/

Romania reports human West Nile virus death – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/16/18

West Nile fatalities rise to 5 as virus spreads to Athens | News | ekathimerini.com – posted 8/22/18

http://www.ekathimerini.com/231762/article/ekathimerini/news/west-nile-fatalities-rise-to-5-as-virus-spreads-to-athens

Salt Lake County reports first fatal case of West Nile virus for 2018 | fox13now.com – posted 8/22/18

https://fox13now.com/2018/08/22/salt-lake-county-reports-first-fatal-case-of-west-nile-virus-for-2018/

Health ministry confirms two Israelis dead in mass West Nile fever outbreak | The Times of Israel – posted 8/24/18

https://www.timesofisrael.com/health-ministry-confirms-two-israelis-dead-in-mass-west-nile-fever-outbreak/

West Nile virus kills 22 in Europe | Daily Mail Online – posted 8/24/18

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-6082357/Outbreak-West-Nile-virus-kills-22-Europe.html

California reports 1st human West Nile virus deaths of 2018 – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/12/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/california-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-deaths-of-2018-2018/

Europe: Compared to previous years, West Nile fever case numbers have increased 3-fold – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/europe-compared-previous-years-west-nile-fever-case-numbers-increased-3-fold-82031/

Romania: 4 Dead From West Nile Virus This Week, 30 New Cases – The New York Times – posted 9/19/18

https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/09/14/world/europe/ap-eu-romania-west-nile-deaths.html

Massachusetts reports 4 times more human West Nile virus this year – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/22/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/massachusetts-reports-4-times-human-west-nile-virus-year-25053/

Philadelphia reports 11 human West Nile virus cases since August – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/24/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/philadelphia-reports-11-human-west-nile-virus-cases-since-august-34570/

WNV in Wyoming Horses: ‘Significant’ Activity Reported – The Horse – posted 9/24/18

https://thehorse.com/160517/wnv-in-wyoming-horses-significant-activity-reported/

Romania West Nile virus situation: 25 deaths to date – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/24/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/romania-west-nile-virus-situation-25-deaths-date-34337/

LA County: First West Nile Virus Death Reported – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/la-county-first-west-nile-virus-death-reported-15012/

 

Zika Virus

Zika cases rise in Jaipur – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/zika-cases-rise-in-jaipur-44679/

PLOS – One – Zika Virus: Epidemiological Surveillance of the Mexican Institute of Social Security – Open Access – February 11, 2019 – posted 2/13/19

https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3Aadc475ff-3129-40fa-a4e8-fe8a38b8393d

Other Threats

Japanese Spotted Fever

Distinguishing Japanese Spotted Fever and Scrub Typhus, Central Japan, 2004– 2015 – Volume 24, Number 9—September 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 8/22/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/9/17-1436_article

Japanese Spotted Fever in Eastern China, 2013 – Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 10/17/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/11/17-0264_article