Emerging (and possibly emerging) Disease Threats

emerging2

Ever since reading “Battle Cry” by Leon Uris in 1968 or 69,  I’ve been interested in Diseases that are relatively unknown to most people. Dengue Fever is talked about in “Battle Cry” and has been somewhat limited in its scope. Now with modern transportation it is everywhere – just like mmany of diseases listed.

BattleCry

First edition
(publ. (G.P. Putnam’s Sons)

Table of Contents

  • Batai Virus  
  • Borna Disease Virus  
  • Bourban Virus
  • Cache Valley Virus  
  • Chagas Disease  
  • Chikungunya Virus  
  • Dengue Fever  
  • Heartland Virus  
  • Jamestown Canyon Virus
  • Japanese Spotted Fever  
  • Keystone Virus  
  • Lyme’s Disease  
  • Powassan Virus
  • Usuta Virus  
  • Wet Nile Virus  
  • Zika Virus

 

Batai Virus

Association of Batai Virus Infection and Encephalitis in Harbor Seals, Germany, 2016 – Volume 24, Number 9—September 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 8/22/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/9/17-1829_article

 

Borna Disease Virus

Borna disease OUTBREAK spreading through Germany – humans at risk as three people killed | World | News | Express.co.uk

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/937781/borna-disease-outbreak-germany-deadly-disease-BoDV-1

 

BOURBON VIRUS

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in [St. Louis County], State of Missouri, USA on June 11 2018 03:13 AM – Bourbon Virus

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20180611-63450-USA

Bourbon Virus Now Listed as Emerging Illness — New Case in St. Louis County | County | emissourian.com

http://www.emissourian.com/local_news/county/bourbon-virus-now-listed-as-emerging-illness-new-case-in/article_5d67a0e6-bf55-5cfb-9e6c-9b73896fafad.html

Case of Bourbon virus, rare tick disease, is confirmed in Missouri

bourbon+tick+virus+NATPKG

http://www.ky3.com/content/news/Case-of-Bourbon-Virus-a-rare-tick-disease-confirmed-in-Missouri-431761823.html

Heartland and Bourbon Viruses – Fact Sheet

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/06d3ce4f-5e55-45f7-9ce8-7aa839bd9f10

Bourbon Virus Now Listed as Emerging Illness — New Case in St. Louis County | County | emissourian.com

http://www.emissourian.com/local_news/county/bourbon-virus-now-listed-as-emerging-illness-new-case-in/article_5d67a0e6-bf55-5cfb-9e6c-9b73896fafad.html

 

 Cache Valley Virus

Cache Valley Virus in Aedes japonicus japonicus Mosquitoes, Appalachian Region, United States – Volume 24, Number 3—March 2018 – Emerging Infectious Disease journal – CDC

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/3/16-1275_article

 

Chagas Disease

Chagas outbreak kills five, sickens dozens in Táchira, Venezuela – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chagas-outbreak-kills-five-sickens-dozens-tachira-venezuela-44325/

Chagas Disease Surveillance Activities — Seven States, 2017 | MMWR

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6726a2.htm?s_cid=mm6726a2_e

Chagas Surveillance Rare Among US States, CDC Report Finds

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/chagas-surveillance-rare-among-us-states-cdc-report-finds

Chagas Cardiomyopathy – posted 8/20/18

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/4dbde46a-97de-44bb-9a1e-b2cf06276203

A dangerous illness spread by bugs that bite people’s faces is spreading – Houston Chronicle – posted 8/24/18

920x920

https://www.chron.com/technology/businessinsider/article/A-dangerous-parasitic-illness-spread-by-bugs-that-13175865.php

California mom bitten by ‘kissing bug’ warns others about danger of ‘silent killer’ parasitic disease | Fox News – posted 8/29/18

http://www.foxnews.com/health/2018/08/28/california-mom-bitten-by-kissing-bug-warns-others-about-danger-silent-killer-parasitic-disease.html

 

Chikungunya Virus

 Chikungunya cases up big in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil – Outbreak News Today

9179_lores-413x624

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-cases-big-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil-62204/

India reports more than 9,000 chikungunya cases in first four months of 2018 – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/india-reports-9000-chikungunya-cases-first-four-months-2018/

Why chikungunya, other arthritis-causing viruses target joints – Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

CDC-chik-17550_forweb

CDC/Cynthia Goldsmith
https://medicine.wustl.edu/news/why-chikungunya-other-arthritis-causing-viruses-target-the-joints/?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=3f0f3d456b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_05_21&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-3f0f3d456b-860291

Chikungunya in the US, all cases imported – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-us-cases-imported-20496/

Dallas County Reports First Case Of Imported Chikungunya Virus « CBS Dallas / Fort Worth – posted 9/2/18

https://dfw.cbslocal.com/2018/08/29/dallas-county-reports-first-case-of-imported-chikungunya-virus/

Chikungunya outbreak in Kasala State, Sudan – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/19/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-outbreak-kasala-state-sudan-88975/

Chikungunya Outbreak in Sudan – posted 10/3/18

“Sudan reports outbreak of mosquito-borne Chikungunya disease in eastern state” – http://www.reuters.com/article/us-sudan-health-chikungunya/sudan-reports-outbreak-of-mosquito-borne-chikungunya-disease-in-eastern-state-idUSKCN1M52MB

Chikungunya epidemic in eastern Sudan: ‘25 deaths in three days’ | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-epidemic-in-eastern-sudan-25-deaths-in-three-days

Chikungunya patients moved ‘to influence numbers’ in Kassala hospitals | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-patients-moved-to-influence-numbers-in-kassala-hospitals

People are dying’: Thousands struck down in Sudan by mosquito-borne fever | Middle East Eye – posted 10/3/18

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/people-are-scared-11000-struck-down-sudan-chikungunya-outbreak-813012012?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=8cccfc14a8-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_09_27_02_23&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-8cccfc14a8-860291

Chikungunya numbers spike in Sudan’s Kassala | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-numbers-spike-in-sudan-s-kassala

Chikungunya ‘spreading in Sudan’; Kassala reopens schools | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/3/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/chikungunya-spreading-in-sudan-kassala-reopens-schools

45 dead from chikungunya in Kassala | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/4/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/45-dead-from-chikungunya-in-kassala

WHO Weekly Epidemological Monitor – Crisis – Chikungunya In Sudan –  posted 10/10/18

https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A4050f1df-7769-4881-b959-15ba13a666b8

WHO | Chikungunya – Sudan – posted 10/17/18

http://www.who.int/csr/don/15-october-2018-chikungunya-sudan/en/

Four more die of chikungunya in Kassala, eastern Sudan | Radio Dabanga – posted 10/17/18

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/four-more-die-of-chikungunya-in-kassala-eastern-sudan

 

Dengue Fever

Epidemiology | Dengue | CDC

global-dengue-map

https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html

Dengue epidemic is intensifying in West and North Reunion – Outbreak News Today

mosquito-1301764_640

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-epidemic-intensifying-west-north-reunion-42079/

5019 cas de dengue à La Réunion : Mobilisons-nous et ne laissons pas la dengue passer l’hiver ! | Agence régionale de santé Océan Indien

https://www.ocean-indien.ars.sante.fr/situation-de-la-dengue-a-la-reunion

Dengue alert up in Ilocos Norte town village – Northbound Philippines News Online

http://northboundasia.com/2018/06/24/dengue-alert-up-in-ilocos-norte-town-village/

Taiwan reports 1st locally-acquired dengue case of the year in Kaohsiung City – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/taiwan-reports-1st-locally-acquired-dengue-case-of-the-year-in-kaohsiung-city-63953/

Dengue tops 24,000, 23 confirmed deaths | Daily News

http://www.dailynews.lk/2018/06/29/local/155334/dengue-tops-24000-23-confirmed-deaths

32,435 dengue cases recorded in Jan-June 2018 – BorneoPost Online | Borneo , Malaysia, Sarawak Daily News | Largest English Daily In Borneo

Denggi-infographics

http://www.theborneopost.com/2018/07/08/32435-dengue-cases-recorded-in-jan-june-2018/

Four more dengue cases surface in Peshawar | The Express Tribune

https://tribune.com.pk/story/1754533/1-four-dengue-cases-surface-peshawar/

Dengue epidemic in Reunion near 6,000 cases – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-epidemic-reunion-near-6000-cases-57081/

Dengue Fever Update – ProMED-mail post

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20180718.5912067

Dengue health emergency declared in Baybay City, Leyte – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-health-emergency-declared-baybay-city-leyte-58223/

Cuba health officials admit to dengue hemorrhagic fever outbreak: Report – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/cuba-health-officials-admit-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever-outbreak-report-40331/

Thailand dengue update: Nearly 38,000 cases in 7 months – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/12/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-update-nearly-38000-cases-7-months-71533/

Dengue fever infects 6,300 people in Reunion – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/22/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-infects-6300-people-reunion-33052/

Health officer: 944 dengue cases reported in Batu, Kepong and Segambut since January | Malaysia | Malay Mail – posted 8/22/18

https://www.malaymail.com/s/1661639/health-officer-944-dengue-cases-reported-in-batu-kepong-and-segambut-since

New study estimates about 60,000 people exposed to dengue virus each year in Pune | The Indian Express – posted 8/22/18

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/pune/new-study-estimates-about-60000-people-exposed-to-dengue-virus-each-year-in-pune-5307544/

Dengue fever: Reunion reports more cases, more deaths – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/28/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-reunion-reports-cases-deaths-16534/

Hong Kong reports more local dengue cases, largest outbreak since 2002 – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/28/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/hong-kong-reports-local-dengue-cases-largest-outbreak-since-2002/

Thailand dengue cases top 50,000 – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/2/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-cases-top-50000/

Thailand dengue: Warning issued for Bangkok – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/19/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-warning-issued-bangkok-36111/

Doctor at Philippine Children’s Medical Center dies of severe dengue – posted 9/22/18

https://www.rappler.com/nation/212476-philippine-childrens-medical-center-fellow-sherie-pera-villacorta-died-severe-dengue

Docs doing research as deadly new dengue strain of disease hits city – posted 10/2/18

https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/pune/civic/docs-doing-research-as-deadly-new-strain-of-disease-hits-city/articleshow/65971851.cms

Thailand dengue death count now 80, chikungunya warning issued – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/3/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-dengue-death-count-now-80-chikungunya-warning-issued-38291/

Mexico: Dengue cases rise in Chiapas – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/3/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/mexico-dengue-cases-rise-chiapas-42201/
Dengue fever: Bangladesh reporting record year – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/17/18
http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-bangladesh-reporting-record-year-14601/

 

Heartland Virus

First tickborne Heartland Virus case reported in Illinois – News – Pekin Daily Times – Pekin, IL – posted 9/22/18

http://www.pekintimes.com/news/20180921/first-tickborne-heartland-virus-case-reported-in-illinois

 

Jamestown Canyon Virus

Jamestown Canyon Virus Fact Sheet- Minnesota Department of Health

http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/diseases/jcv/jcv.html

Family says N.H. man may be first death from rare mosquito-borne disease 

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Thomas Bengtson and his wife, Susan, of Derry are shown in the fall of 2016. Thomas Bengtson died June 18. Courtesy
http://www.concordmonitor.com/jamestown-canyon-virus-death-18342165

 

Japanese Spotted Fever

Distinguishing Japanese Spotted Fever and Scrub Typhus, Central Japan, 2004– 2015 – Volume 24, Number 9—September 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 8/22/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/9/17-1436_article

Japanese Spotted Fever in Eastern China, 2013 – Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 10/17/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/11/17-0264_article

 

Keystone Virus

Florida boy infected with first reported case of mosquito virus discovered in Tampa Bay – WFLA

https://www.wfla.com/news/hillsborough-county/florida-boy-infected-with-first-reported-case-of-mosquito-virus-discovered-in-tampa-bay/1250927237

Virus found in Florida resident may be widespread throughout the Southeast | UF Health, University of Florida Health

https://m.ufhealth.org/news/2018/virus-found-florida-resident-may-be-widespread-throughout-southeast

Lymes’s Disease

Lyme Disease: An Even Bigger Threat Than You Think – WSJ

https://www.wsj.com/articles/lyme-disease-an-even-bigger-threat-than-you-think-1529672401

Tick-borne illnesses on the rise in Preston County and W.Va. – Dominion Post

https://www.dominionpost.com/2018/07/28/tick-borne-illnesses-on-the-rise-in-preston-county-and-w-va/

Lyme disease in England and Wales – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/lyme-disease-england-wales-32303/

Vermont reports 1st death due to Lyme carditis – Outbreak News Today – posted 6/16/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/vermont-reports-1st-death-due-lyme-carditis-26398/

 

Powassan Virus

Tick-borne Powassan virus confirmed in Columbia County | WNYT.com

http://wnyt.com/health/powassan-virus-columbia-county-tick-borne-illness/4946787/

New York: Powassan virus confirmed in Dutchess County – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/new-york-powassan-virus-confirmed-dutchess-county-10576/

Powassan Virus and other arthropod-borne viruses in wildlife and ticks in Ontario, Canada – CPHAZ – posted 10/2/18

final_2smith.png

http://cphaz.ca/powassan-virus-and-other-arthropod-borne-viruses-in-wildlife-and-ticks-in-ontario-canada/

Powassan virus reported for the first time in Cayuga County – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/10/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/powassan-virus-reported-first-time-cayuga-county-69737/

 

 Usuta Virus

France – Montpellier : premier cas d’infection humaine au virus Usutu – FluTrackers News and Information

https://flutrackers.com/forum/forum/autres-maladies/795343-france-montpellier-premier-cas-d%C2%92infection-humaine-au-virus-usutu

Emergence of Usutu virus, an African Mosquito-Borne Flavivirus of the Japanese Encephalitis Virus Group, Central Europe – Volume 8, Number 7—July 2002 – Emerging Infectious Disease journal – CDC

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/8/7/02-0094_article

Usutu: An African virus under surveillance in Europe | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/c-uaa062618.php#.WzLSCF6bD6k.facebook

Human Usutu virus in France – 2016

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/54f7bcf7-4ae0-45d1-a737-2a26c94fd2c1

North American Culex pipiens and Culex quinquefasciatus are competent vectors for Usutu virus – posted 8/20/18

http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0006732

         The Uncorrected Study – posted 8/20/18

            https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/8ec85dba-e647-459f-a01a-85cceae8e60f

Kansas State researchers confirm mosquitos could fuel Usutu virus in North America – Homeland Preparedness News – posted 9/5/18

https://homelandprepnews.com/stories/30251-kansas-state-researchers-confirm-mosquitos-could-fuel-usutu-virus-in-north-america/

West Nile Virus

California reports 5 additional human West Nile virus cases – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/california-reports-5-additional-human-west-nile-virus-cases-71032/

Two West Nile virus cases confirmed in Greece | News | ekathimerini.com

http://www.ekathimerini.com/230108/article/ekathimerini/news/two-west-nile-virus-cases-confirmed-in-greece

2018 West Nile Virus Season Begins

http://www.contagionlive.com/news/2018-west-nile-virus-season-begins

New York City reports 1st West Nile virus case of year in Manhattan resident, Virus makes earliest appearance – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/new-york-city-reports-1st-west-nile-virus-case-year-manhattan-resident-virus-makes-earliest-appearance-89064/

RSOE EDIS – Biological Hazard event in [Montgomery County], State of Ohio, USA on June 30 2018 03:59 AM – West Nile Virus in Mosquitos

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=BH-20180630-63716-USA

RSOE EDIS – Biological Hazard event in [Tulsa County], State of Oklahoma, USA on June 30 2018 03:33 AM – West Nile Virus in Mosquitos

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=BH-20180630-63710-USA

Mosquito Pool in Harborcreek Township Tests Positive for West Ni – Erie News Now | WICU and WSEE in Erie, PA

http://www.erienewsnow.com/story/38557741/mosquito-pool-in-harborcreek-township-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus?utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook_Erie_News_Now_-_Your_News_Team

Europe – West Nile Fever cases reported – 2018 – FluTrackers News and Information

https://flutrackers.com/forum/forum/emerging-diseases-other-health-threats-alphabetical-i-thru-z/west-nile-virus/795867-europe-west-nile-fever-cases-reported-2018

Mosquito Pool in the City of Erie Tests Positive for West Ni – Erie News Now | WICU and WSEE in Erie, PA

http://www.erienewsnow.com/story/38588862/mosquito-pool-in-harborcreek-township-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus?utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook_Erie_News_Now_-_Your_News_Team

Mississippi Reports First West Nile Virus Case in 2018 | Mississippi News | US News

https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/mississippi/articles/2018-07-12/mississippi-reports-first-west-nile-virus-case-in-2018

West Nile Virus Activity by State 2018 | West Nile Virus | CDC

wnv-activity-07102018

https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/statsmaps/preliminarymapsdata2018/activitybystate2018.html

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in Galveston, State of Texas, USA on July 18 2018 01:42 PM

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20180718-63945-USA

Positive West Nile Samples In 10 Delaware County Communities | Media, PA Patch

https://patch.com/pennsylvania/haverford/positive-west-nile-samples-6-delaware-county-communities

Louisiana reports first human West Nile virus cases for 2018 | Department of Health | State of Louisiana

http://ldh.la.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/4689

Human West Nile fever cases on the rise in Europe – Outbreak News Today

ecdc.png

Image/Robert Herriman
http://outbreaknewstoday.com/human-west-nile-fever-cases-rise-europe-97497/

KAKE.com | Wichita, Kansas News, Weather, Sports – Half of Kansas at high risk for West Nile virus

17239392_G

http://www.kake.com/story/38694382/half-of-kansas-at-high-risk-for-west-nile-virus?utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook_KAKE-TV

North Carolina reports 1st human West Nile virus death of 2018 – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/north-carolina-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-death-2018/

RSOE EDIS – Biological Hazard event in [Milwaukee County], State of Wisconsin, USA on July 22 2018 12:30 PM – West Nile

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=BH-20180722-63979-USA

1st Case Of West Nile Virus Reported In Maryland This Year « CBS Baltimore

https://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2018/07/23/west-nile-virus-maryland/

Romania: 5 meningitis cases caused by West Nile virus – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/romania-5-meningitis-cases-caused-west-nile-virus-13481/

County officials report first probable human case of West Nile Virus in Penn Hills – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/county-officials-report-first-probable-human-case-west-nile-virus-penn-hills-14407/

Toronto reports 1st human West Nile virus case of 2018 – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/toronto-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-case-2018/

KAKE.com | Wichita, Kansas News, Weather, Sports – First human cases of West Nile virus reported in Kansas

http://www.kake.com/story/38780285/first-human-cases-of-west-nile-virus-reported-in-kansas?utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook_KAKE-TV

Iowa reports 1st human West Nile virus death – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/12/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/iowa-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-death-21432/

Dallas reports 1st human West Nile virus death – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/16/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dallas-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-death-98315/

Romania reports human West Nile virus death – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/16/18

West Nile fatalities rise to 5 as virus spreads to Athens | News | ekathimerini.com – posted 8/22/18

http://www.ekathimerini.com/231762/article/ekathimerini/news/west-nile-fatalities-rise-to-5-as-virus-spreads-to-athens

Salt Lake County reports first fatal case of West Nile virus for 2018 | fox13now.com – posted 8/22/18

https://fox13now.com/2018/08/22/salt-lake-county-reports-first-fatal-case-of-west-nile-virus-for-2018/

Health ministry confirms two Israelis dead in mass West Nile fever outbreak | The Times of Israel – posted 8/24/18

https://www.timesofisrael.com/health-ministry-confirms-two-israelis-dead-in-mass-west-nile-fever-outbreak/

West Nile virus kills 22 in Europe | Daily Mail Online – posted 8/24/18

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-6082357/Outbreak-West-Nile-virus-kills-22-Europe.html

California reports 1st human West Nile virus deaths of 2018 – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/12/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/california-reports-1st-human-west-nile-virus-deaths-of-2018-2018/

Europe: Compared to previous years, West Nile fever case numbers have increased 3-fold – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/europe-compared-previous-years-west-nile-fever-case-numbers-increased-3-fold-82031/

Romania: 4 Dead From West Nile Virus This Week, 30 New Cases – The New York Times – posted 9/19/18

https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/09/14/world/europe/ap-eu-romania-west-nile-deaths.html

Massachusetts reports 4 times more human West Nile virus this year – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/22/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/massachusetts-reports-4-times-human-west-nile-virus-year-25053/

Philadelphia reports 11 human West Nile virus cases since August – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/24/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/philadelphia-reports-11-human-west-nile-virus-cases-since-august-34570/

WNV in Wyoming Horses: ‘Significant’ Activity Reported – The Horse – posted 9/24/18

https://thehorse.com/160517/wnv-in-wyoming-horses-significant-activity-reported/

Romania West Nile virus situation: 25 deaths to date – Outbreak News Today – posted 9/24/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/romania-west-nile-virus-situation-25-deaths-date-34337/

LA County: First West Nile Virus Death Reported – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/la-county-first-west-nile-virus-death-reported-15012/

 

Zika Virus

Research suggests Zika control efforts should target urban Aedes mosquito populations – Homeland Preparedness News

https://homelandprepnews.com/stories/29135-research-suggests-zika-control-efforts-target-urban-aedes-mosquito-populations/

Zika virus may pose greater threat of miscarriages than previously thought, study finds

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-07-zika-miscarriages.html

Zika: A Bigger Threat to Pregnancy | HealthMap

http://www.diseasedaily.com/diseasedaily/article/zika-bigger-threat-pregnancy-71718

Zika and health cuts blamed for rise in baby death rates in Brazil | Global development | The Guardian

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jul/17/zika-health-cuts-blamed-rise-baby-death-rates-brazil

Zika cases rise in Jaipur – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/zika-cases-rise-in-jaipur-44679/