Emerging (and possibly reemerging) Disease Threats

emerging2

Ever since reading “Battle Cry” by Leon Uris in 1968 or 69,  I’ve been interested in Diseases that are relatively unknown to most people. Dengue Fever is talked about in “Battle Cry” and has been somewhat limited in its scope. Now with modern transportation it is everywhere – just like many of diseases listed.

BattleCry

First edition
(publ. (G.P. Putnam’s Sons)

flavivirus12

Nature Communications

Table of Contents

  • Acute Flaccid Myelitis
  • Alongshan Virus
  • Barmah Forest Virus
  • Bourban Virus
  • Chagas Disease  
  • Chikungunya Virus  
  • Colorado Tick Fever
  • Dengue Fever  
  • Lyme’s Disease  
  • Mayaro Virus
  • Powassan Virus 
  • West Nile Virus  
  •       – West Nile Virus Kunjin subtype  
  • Zika Virus
  • Other Threats

 

ALONGSHAN VIRUS

New tick-borne virus discovered in China – posted 5/29/19

https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/emerging-diseases/news/online/%7B304fbe90-2bbf-42c2-8b64-745f842ce3f4%7D/new-tick-borne-virus-discovered-in-china

A New Segmented Virus Associated with Human Febrile Illness in China | NEJM – posted 5/29/19

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1805068?downloadfile=showFullText&query=TOC&doi=10.1056/NEJMoa1805068

 

ACUTE FLACCID MYELITIS

Acute Flaccid Myelitis | AFM Surveillance | CDC – posted 3/11/19

https://www.cdc.gov/acute-flaccid-myelitis/afm-surveillance.html

CDC: 2 confirmed cases of polio-like disease for 2019; 15 suspected – masslive.com – posted 3/12/19

afm-march-1png-ae8223ace7e0ced8.png

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has posted a map showing as of March 1 which states have confirmed cases to date for 2018 of the polio-like disease acute flaccid myelitis.
https://www.masslive.com/living/2019/03/cdc_2_confirmed_cases_of_polio-like_disease_for_2019_among_15_suspected.html

Acute Flaccid Myelitis | AFM Surveillance | CDC – posted 4/3/19

https://www.cdc.gov/acute-flaccid-myelitis/afm-surveillance.html

Minnesota researchers identify virus as cause of mystery paralysis in kids – StarTribune.com – posted 4/21/19

http://www.startribune.com/virus-identified-as-a-cause-of-paralyzing-condition-in-minnesota-children-acute-flaccid-myelitis/508757812/

Case of paralyzing polio-like illness is found in West Virginia – posted 4/29/19

https://www.wkyt.com/content/news/Case-of-paralyzing-polio-like-illness-is-found-in-W-Virginia-509210861.html

 

BARMAH FOREST VIRUS

Barmah Forest virus detected on state’s east, health department warn | The Examiner – Tasmania – posted 3/11/19

https://www.examiner.com.au/story/5944380/barmah-forest-virus-detected-on-states-east-coast/

Tasmania: Five confirmed cases of Barmah Forest virus infection reported – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/15/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/tasmania-five-confirmed-cases-of-barmah-forest-virus-infection-reported-63997/

 

BOURBON VIRUS

RSOE EDIS – Epidemic Hazard event in [St. Louis County], State of Missouri, USA on June 11 2018 03:13 AM – Bourbon Virus

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH-20180611-63450-USA

Bourbon Virus Now Listed as Emerging Illness — New Case in St. Louis County | County | emissourian.com

http://www.emissourian.com/local_news/county/bourbon-virus-now-listed-as-emerging-illness-new-case-in/article_5d67a0e6-bf55-5cfb-9e6c-9b73896fafad.html

Case of Bourbon virus, rare tick disease, is confirmed in Missouri

bourbon+tick+virus+NATPKG

http://www.ky3.com/content/news/Case-of-Bourbon-Virus-a-rare-tick-disease-confirmed-in-Missouri-431761823.html

Heartland and Bourbon Viruses – Fact Sheet

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/06d3ce4f-5e55-45f7-9ce8-7aa839bd9f10

Bourbon Virus Now Listed as Emerging Illness — New Case in St. Louis County | County | emissourian.com

http://www.emissourian.com/local_news/county/bourbon-virus-now-listed-as-emerging-illness-new-case-in/article_5d67a0e6-bf55-5cfb-9e6c-9b73896fafad.html

 

Chagas Disease

8 new cases of Chagas disease in chronic phase detected in Yucatán – The Yucatan Times – posted 3/8/19

https://www.theyucatantimes.com/2019/02/8-new-cases-of-chagas-disease-in-chronic-phase-detected-in-yucatan/

Prevalence of Chagas disease up to 8 times higher in patients’ families – posted 4/3/19

https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/antimicrobials/news/online/%7B248f973e-c66d-4f25-803f-d02808ea1075%7D/prevalence-of-chagas-disease-up-to-8-times-higher-in-patients-families

Blood-Sucking ‘Kissing Bug’ Bites Delaware Girl; CDC Says They Are In Maryland Too – CBS Baltimore – posted 4/24/19

https://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2019/04/24/kissing-bug-spotted-maryland-delaware-cdc/

 

Chikungunya Virus

Chikungunya outbreak tops 2,000 in Thailand – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/8/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-outbreak-tops-2000-thailand-93565/

Thailand: Chikungunya cases up 500 in past week, nearly 10,000 dengue cases reported in 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/13/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-chikungunya-cases-500-past-week-nearly-10000-dengue-cases-reported-2019/

Port Sudan hospitals see more chikungunya patients’: health source | Radio Dabanga – posted 3/20/19

https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/port-sudan-hospitals-see-more-chikungunya-patients-health-source

Chikungunya outbreak affects 8,000 in the Republic of the Congo – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/20/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-outbreak-affects-8000-republic-congo-45215/

Thailand chikungunya cases top 3,000 for 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/27/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-chikungunya-cases-top-3000-2019/

WHO | Chikungunya – Congo – posted 5/2/19

https://www.who.int/csr/don/01-may-2019-chikungunya-congo/en/

Thailand chikungunya update – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/18/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/thailand-chikungunya-update-46873/

 

Colorado Tick Fever

Colorado Tick Fever (CTF) | Colorado Tick Fever | CDC – posted 3/29/19

https://http://www.cdc.gov/coloradotickfeve

Notes from the Field: Investigation of Colorado Tick Fever Virus Disease Cases — Oregon, 2018 | MMWR – posted 3/29/19

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6812a4.htm

 

Dengue Fever

Epidemiology | Dengue | CDC

global-dengue-map

https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html

Dengue cases up 149 percent in Brazil, most in the southeast – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/7/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-cases-149-percent-brazil-southeast-58299/

Cook Islands declare dengue outbreak in Rarotonga, 1st in a decade – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/7/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/cook-islands-declare-dengue-outbreak-in-rarotonga-1st-in-a-decade-76582/

Dengue: 33 confirmed cases in Lambayeque region of northern Peru – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/7/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-33-confirmed-cases-lambayeque-region-northern-peru-18708/

Palau dengue update: 3 additional cases in past week – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/7/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/palau-dengue-update-3-additional-cases-past-week-74662/

PAHO/WHO | PAHO calls for countries in Latin America and the Caribbean to prepare for possible outbreaks of dengue – posted 3/7/19

https://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=14994:paho-calls-for-countries-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-to-prepare-for-possible-outbreaks-of-dengue&Itemid=1926&lang=en

Sri Lanka reports 8,900 dengue cases in 1st two months of 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/8/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/sri-lanka-reports-8900-dengue-cases-1st-two-months-2019/

Dengue cases up 67 percent in the Philippines – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/8/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-cases-67-percent-philippines-57691/

Philippines: Dengue cases top 40K in 1st two months of 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/20/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/philippines-dengue-cases-top-40k-1st-two-months-2019/

Malaysia, Vietnam report dengue fever increase – Outbreak News Today – posted 3/21/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/malaysia-vietnam-report-dengue-fever-increase-42769/

Dengue outbreak in Reunion: More than 500 additional cases reported – Outbreak News Today – posted3/23/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-outbreak-reunion-500-additional-cases-reported-70012/

Delhi: Doctors advise precaution as dengue cases touch 650 | News – Times of India Videos – posted 3/26/19

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/videos/city/delhi/delhi-doctors-advise-precaution-as-dengue-cases-touch-650/videoshow/68568773.cms?utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=TOI

Sharp rise in dengue cases in Negri Sembilan – Nation | The Star Online – posted 3/27/19

https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/03/27/sharp-rise-in-dengue-cases-in-negri-sembilan/#FLiuWJHAPVqzEtOZ.99

Dengue now a year round phenomenon – posted 4/2/19

https://www.deccanchronicle.com/lifestyle/health-and-wellbeing/010419/dengue-now-a-year-round-phenomenon.html

Malaysia dengue total tops 38,000 cases – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/10/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/malaysia-dengue-total-tops-38000-cases-71104/

Philippines reports 56K dengue fever cases in Q1 of 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/12/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/philippines-reports-56k-dengue-fever-cases-q1-2019/

Reunion dengue cases near 5,000 in Q1 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/15/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/reunion-dengue-cases-near-5000-q1-2019/

Dengue outbreak declared on Tahiti – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/15/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-outbreak-declared-tahiti-79572/

Reunion reports more than 1,000 dengue cases in a week – Outbreak News Today –posted 4/22/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/reunion-reports-1000-dengue-cases-week-52574/

Dengue cases top 500K in the Americas – Outbreak News Today –  posted 4/22/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-cases-top-500k-americas-75540/

Dengue outbreak update for Palau – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/23/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-outbreak-update-palau-21059/

Dengue in Vanuatu: More than 200 cases in 2019 to date – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/25/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-vanuatu-200-cases-2019-date-35048/

Dengue fever cases continue to rise in Reunion – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/27/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-cases-continue-rise-reunion-75767/

Dengue fever cases up 3.5 times this year in the Americas – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/28/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-cases-3-5-times-year-americas-92784/

Dengue outbreak in Dili, Timor-Leste – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/29/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-outbreak-dili-timor-leste-34130/

Asia: Dengue cases up in the Philippines, Vietnam and Malaysia – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/29/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/asia-dengue-cases-philippines-vietnam-malaysia-11989/

Dengue fever alert after 27 deaths – posted 5/10/19

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/breakingnews/30369087

Maldives dengue cases up 200 percent in 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/10/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/maldives-dengue-cases-200-percent-2019/

Philippines dengue outbreak nearly double 2018 case count – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/11/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/philippines-dengue-outbreak-nearly-double-2018-case-count-81897/

Singapore dengue cases near 3500, eclipses 2018 numbers – Outbreak News Today posted 5/18/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/singapore-dengue-cases-near-3500-eclipses-2018-numbers-39233/

Dengue fever epidemic in Reunion: 10,000 cases since January – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/19/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-fever-epidemic-reunion-10000-cases-since-january-25282/

Dengue fever numbers soar on La Reunion: WHO – Reuters – posted 5/21/19

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-dengue-reunion/dengue-fever-numbers-soar-on-la-reunion-who-idUSKCN1SR105?utm_source=Global+Health+NOW+Main+List&utm_campaign=d542180b8e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_20_01_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8d0d062dbd-d542180b8e-860291

Thailand’s Ministry of Public Health Issues Dengue Fever Warning – CTN News – Chiang Rai Times – posted 5/23/19

https://www.chiangraitimes.com/thailands-ministry-of-public-health-issues-dengue-fever-warning.html

Dengue cases near 4,000 in Singapore – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/28/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/dengue-cases-near-4000-singapore-18292/

Palau dengue outbreak closes in on 200 cases – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/29/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/palau-dengue-outbreak-closes-200-cases-66807/

Honduras dengue epidemic tops 8,000 – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/31/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/honduras-dengue-epidemic-tops-8000/

Mexico sees a 400% increase of Dengue this year – posted 6/4/19

https://www.vallartadaily.com/mexico-sees-a-400-increase-of-dengue-this-year/

Thailand Declares Dengue Fever Epidemic With 28,785 Cases and 43 Dead – CTN News – Chiang Rai Times – posted 6/14/19

https://www.chiangraitimes.com/thailand-declares-dengue-fever-epidemic-with-28785-cases-and-43-dead.html

 

Lymes’s Disease

Lyme Disease: An Even Bigger Threat Than You Think – WSJ

https://www.wsj.com/articles/lyme-disease-an-even-bigger-threat-than-you-think-1529672401

Tick-borne illnesses on the rise in Preston County and W.Va. – Dominion Post

https://www.dominionpost.com/2018/07/28/tick-borne-illnesses-on-the-rise-in-preston-county-and-w-va/

Lyme disease in England and Wales – Outbreak News Today

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/lyme-disease-england-wales-32303/

Vermont reports 1st death due to Lyme carditis – Outbreak News Today – posted 6/16/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/vermont-reports-1st-death-due-lyme-carditis-26398/

 

Mayaro Virus

Mayaro virus: Penn State researchers suggest spread into other areas of the world – Outbreak News Today – posted 2/13/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/mayaro-virus-penn-state-researchers-suggest-spread-areas-world-96112/

Mayaro virus situation in the Americas 2019 to date: Peru, Ecuador – Outbreak News Today – posted 5/2/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/mayaro-virus-situation-americas-2019-date-peru-ecuador-82927/

Pan American Health Organization – Epidemiologicl Alert – Mayaro Fever – 1 May 2019  –posted 5/3/19

https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3Addd394c5-83db-4d0e-a613-f1daf2a593ee

Rio University Discovers Mayaro Virus Plaguing the Country’s Southeast | The Rio Times – posted 5/18/19

https://riotimesonline.com/brazil-news/rio-politics/society/rio-university-discovers-mayaro-virus-plaguing-the-countrys-southeast/

 

Powassan Virus

Tick-borne Powassan virus confirmed in Columbia County | WNYT.com

http://wnyt.com/health/powassan-virus-columbia-county-tick-borne-illness/4946787/

New York: Powassan virus confirmed in Dutchess County – Outbreak News Today – posted 8/17/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/new-york-powassan-virus-confirmed-dutchess-county-10576/

Powassan Virus and other arthropod-borne viruses in wildlife and ticks in Ontario, Canada – CPHAZ – posted 10/2/18

final_2smith.png

http://cphaz.ca/powassan-virus-and-other-arthropod-borne-viruses-in-wildlife-and-ticks-in-ontario-canada/

Powassan virus reported for the first time in Cayuga County – Outbreak News Today – posted 10/10/18

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/powassan-virus-reported-first-time-cayuga-county-69737/

Seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, B. miyamotoi, and Powassan Virus in Residents Bitten by Ixodes Ticks, Maine, USA – Volume 25, Number 4—April 2019 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 3/22/19

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/4/18-0202_article

Tick Carrying Deadly Brain Swelling Virus Found in New York – Powassan Virus – posted 5/17/19

https://hudsonvalleycountry.com/tick-carrying-deadly-brain-swelling-virus-found-in-new-york/?utm_campaign=meetedgar&utm_medium=social&utm_source=meetedgar.com

Death of Hampton man with rare tick-borne virus probed – New Jersey Herald – posted 6/9/19

https://www.njherald.com/20190609/death-of-hampton-man-with-rare-virus-probed

West Nile Virus and Subtypes

Malappuram boy infected with West Nile virus | Kozhikode News – Times of India – posted 3/15/19

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kozhikode/west-nile-fever-case-confirmed-in-malappuram/articleshow/68378544.cms

West Nile Virus death in Kerala: Mosquitoes, dead crows sent for testing to NIV | The News Minute – posted 3/27/19

https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/west-nile-virus-death-kerala-mosquitoes-dead-crows-sent-testing-niv-98894

Erie County reports first West Nile human case since 2015 – News – GoErie.com – Erie, PA – posted 3/31/19

https://www.goerie.com/news/20190331/erie-county-reports-first-west-nile-human-case-since-2015

Widespread Kunjin virus activity in Top End – Department of Health – posted 4/3/19

https://health.nt.gov.au/news/widespread-kunjin-virus-activity-in-top-end

Hawk Tests Positive for West Nile Virus, Protect Against Mosquitoes | News | San Diego County News Center – posted 4/25/19

https://www.countynewscenter.com/hawk-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus-protect-against-mosquitoes-2/

Las Vegas area reports 1st West Nile virus case of 2019 – Outbreak News Today – posted 4/28/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/las-vegas-area-reports-1st-west-nile-virus-case-2019/

West Nile – Iowa – posted 5/3/19

https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A09c183c9-f982-4e67-904b-40a5c75e071b

Oklahoma reports 3 human West Nile virus cases – Outbreak News Today – posted – 6/7/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/oklahoma-reports-3-human-west-nile-virus-cases-32625/

West Nile virus comes early to Wyoming – Outbreak News Today – posted 6/11/19

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/west-nile-virus-comes-early-to-wyoming-66222/

 

Zika Virus

Model identifies primate species most likely to spread Zika in the Americas – posted 4/11/19

https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/emerging-diseases/news/online/%7B18d4c692-71e8-4827-ace0-b50b866da798%7D/model-identifies-primate-species-most-likely-to-spread-zika-in-the-americas

Other Threats

Japanese Spotted Fever

Distinguishing Japanese Spotted Fever and Scrub Typhus, Central Japan, 2004– 2015 – Volume 24, Number 9—September 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 8/22/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/9/17-1436_article

Japanese Spotted Fever in Eastern China, 2013 – Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018 – Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC – posted 10/17/18

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/11/17-0264_article

Kawasaki Disease

About Kawasaki Disease | Kawasaki Disease | CDC – posted 2/24/19

https://www.cdc.gov/kawasaki/about.html

Outbreak of mysterious ‘wind-borne’ disease that causes heart failure blighting California children | Daily Mail Online – posted 2/24/19

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-6717321/Outbreak-mysterious-wind-borne-disease-causes-heart-failure-blighting-California-children.html?ito=social-facebook

Kawasaki Disease Cases Increasing in the County | News | San Diego County News Center – posted 2/24/19

https://www.countynewscenter.com/kawasaki-disease-cases-increase-in-the-county/

 

Madariaga Virus

Madariaga virus crosses from South and Central America into Haiti – Homeland Preparedness News – posted 2/24/19

https://homelandprepnews.com/stories/32080-madariaga-virus-crosses-from-south-and-central-america-into-haiti/

 

Ross River Virus

MOSSIE WARNING | Mosquito trapping identifies Ross River virus | Fairfield City Champion – posted 2/24/19

https://www.fairfieldchampion.com.au/story/5916375/mossie-warning-mosquito-trapping-identifies-ross-river-virus/